- CATEGORY: Archeological sites
- PHONES: (737) 3743091 y 3092 Zona de Monumentos Arqueológicos y Museo de Sitio de Xochicalco
Xochicalco is an example of the era known as Late Classic period (700-900 CE) characterized by the emergence of cities in the center of Mexico after the decline of Teotihuacan metropolis and the power void left by the latter. This period is characterized by a series of events that give way to the foundation of Tula, after a series of migrations of groups in the center of Mexico. This fact coincides with the abandonment of the sites in northern Mesoamerica and the collapse of the Mayan cities of the lowlands of the center and south. It has been suggested that these events favored in Xochicalco the arrival of several groups from different places of the Mesoamerican region. The reliefs of the feathered serpents in the temple of the same name suggest a Teotihuacán and Mayan influences. On the other hand, its position at the top of a mountain, like other population centers of that time, suggests a period of war between cities with small territories, in the absence of a hegemonic city; however, this interpretation has been recently refuted in favor of the symbolic and territorial elements hill, water, and settlement. One of the more interesting main spaces of this site is an astronomical observatory in a cave to which you can access through a staircase carved in the rock. Here, for a period of 150 days per year, from April 30, you see the sun coming in through a vertical duct of small dimensions perforated in the rock. Chronology: 200 BCE to 1000 CE. Main chronological location: Late Classic period 650 to 900 CE.
Tel. (737) 3743091 y 3092 Zona de Monumentos Arqueológicos y Museo de Sitio de Xochicalco